“If such things as primitive communism, group-marriage, and matriarchy were admitted into the beginnings of Greek civilisation, what would become of the dogma, on which the ruling class leant more and more heavily as the city-state declined, that its economic basis in private property, slave labour, and the subjection of women rested on natural justice? If the writings of the later materialists, Demokritos and Epicurus, had not perished, we might well have possessed a more penetrating analysis of early Greek society than Aristotle’s. But they perished partly for that reason. Plato wanted the works of Demokritos to be burnt, and his wish has been fulfilled.”
George Thomson, Studies in Ancient Greek Society: The Prehistoric Aegean
Review of this rather curious, but fascinating book.
That looks like it was lifted almost verbatim from the history lessons in my school back in the USSR. Especially “matriarchy” in all its elusive glory.
That is perhaps its natural home. This reading of Ancient Greece’s antecedents is idiosyncratic, but not without interest.